In the effort to keep the information on this blog organized, one of the biggest challenges is working out the different models, releases, and variants of R/C toys.
R/C Car manufacturers didn’t just release a car once, then keep selling it without changes. No, that would be too simple! Instead, they usually did most (or all) of the following things:
- Create a Model
- Release it
- Change it
- Allow other companies/distributors to license it, and release it in other markets
It’s almost impossible to detail every tiny change. But we can broadly categorize all vintage R/C cars into Models, Releases and Variants. The first step is to define what these terms mean.
Please note: This is R/C Toy Memories idea for how to define and categorize everything. It is open to debate, but has been refined using examples from both hobby and toy grade R/C models across many brands.
What is a Model?
Rule 1 – A “Model” is an R/C car from the original manufacturer, with a unique product/model number. Only manufacturers can create Models. e.g. “Taiyo Jet Hopper” is a Model. A Model can have multiple Releases.
What is a Release?
Rule 2 – A “Release” is simply a Model as sold under a particular name and brand. So “Taiyo Jet Hopper” is one Release (the Original Release). While “Tyco Turbo Hopper” is another Release (the US Release). A Release can have multiple Variants.
What is a Variant?
Rule 3 – A “Variant” is when a Release is changed (parts, decals, tyres etc), but the Release name/number and brand name are unchanged.
In the diagram example above, you can see that Model is at the top. There are three Releases. And one of the Releases has two Variants.
How to describe Variants?
As variants are typically just minor changes to the toys during their production that only collectors have noticed, they have no official name from the manufacturer. So it’s up to collectors to call them something. And there are typically two ways, depending on whether the car is kit-based, or ready-to-run.
Kit-based R/C models
When it comes to kit-based models, the terms “Early Vintage”, “Mid-Vintage” and “Late Vintage” are the best way to describe Variants in most cases. This is because kit-based models often underwent a slow drip-feed of tiny little changes to the kit, where certain parts were tweaked over time. This slow evolution and the sometimes large number of little changes that occurred, means we can usually identify early production, mid-production, and late-production changes. But in most cases, we cannot identify specific cut-off points or figure out exactly when every little change was made. So for this reason, “Early Vintage”, “Mid-Vintage” and “Late Vintage” are the best way to describe them.
Ready-to-run R/C models
For ready-to-run models, the terms “Mk1”, “Mk2”, “Mk3” can be used to describe Variants. This is because Ready-to-run models usually had specific cut-off moments where the model was changed. For example, “Tyco Turbo Hopper Mk1” and “Tyco Turbo Hopper Mk2” can be used to describe two variants of the “Tyco Turbo Hopper”.
Let’s look at some examples
To make this easier, here are some examples in detail.
1. Taiyo 4WD Big Roader
In 1985, Taiyo created an R/C truck called the 4WD Big Roader. Here it is…
This was a Model invented and manufactured by Taiyo. The manufacturer’s Release is therefore simply called the “Taiyo 4WD Big Roader“.
Later, Tandy / Radio Shack licensed this car, and sold it in their stores. They changed it a bit, and changed the name to “4×4 Off-Roader”. Here it is…
This was a different Release. It’s name is: “Tandy / Radio Shack 4×4 Off-Roader“.
A few years later again, Tandy / Radio Shack modified the 4×4 Off-Roader by giving it bigger wheels and lower profile tyres. Here is this later version…
The name and brand did not change, so this was simply a Variant. It’s the “Tandy / Radio Shack 4×4 Off-Roader Mk2“.
2. Tamiya Hotshot
Let’s try an example using Tamiya. In 1985 Tamiya created the Hotshot. The Hotshot was Tamiya model #58047. Here it is…
The Hotshot is a Model from Tamiya. The Hotshot was only available as one Release – the Tamiya Hotshot (ie. it was never released under any other brand or with any other name).
But in the first few months of it’s existence in 1985, the car was sold with a more fragile front bumper, plus some other changes. This early type was a Variant. In my opinion, this should be called the Early Vintage Hotshot.
Image Courtesy: c_smith
Afterward, the Hotshot was changed so that the front bumper looked different and was stronger, along with a few other changes mainly near the front end. This second type was another Variant. In my opinion, this should be called the Mid-Vintage Hotshot.
Later, the Hotshot’s mechanical speed controller was also changed, so that the resistors inside the heatsinks were now molded-in, rather than being loose inside the heatsinks. This was Late Vintage Hotshot.
To my knowledge, all of the original Tamiya Hotshots in the world are one of these three variants.
In 2007 Tamiya also created a new Model of the Hotshot, with many physical changes, new packaging and most importantly a new product/model number – Tamiya model #58391. This is commonly referred to as a “re-release” of the original, but that’s really incorrect (by definition, a “re-release” is an unchanged repetition of something). It’s really a “remake” effort, resulting in a whole new Model by the manufacturer, because it has a new Tamiya model number. The remake Hotshot is the one on the right in the picture below, and came with different box art and packaging in addition to numerous physical parts and decal differences, as well as use of new materials.
Hopefully this proposed system makes sense to you, as a way of organizing and defining vintage R/C cars. Particularly with respect to things like variants of releases.